Global Warming is considered as the burning issue of this hour. The world is pity much concerned about this as it is adversely affecting the biodiversity of the planet. We all are seriously discussing how to stop it. Further, the global community is also taking measures to check this problem. If we search on internet, then we can easily find literature works on various topics including polar bears, birds, marine life, etc. Among all these issues, we forget how global warming is putting impact on us. It is certainly putting an adverse impact on humans also. Latest research has claimed that limiting global warming to 1.5 degree Celsius would help in avoiding around 3.3 million cases of dengue fever per year in Latin America and the Caribbean alone.
The research, conducted by the researchers from University of East Anglia, further suggested that restricting global warming as per UN Paris Agreement would stop the spreading of dengue to areas where incidence is currently low. The Paris Agreement was adopted by Parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change which aimed at keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below 2° C above pre-industrial levels, while pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5° C.
Lead researcher Dr Felipe Colón-González said that the study was conducted to understand the impacts of climate change on human health. He along with his team found that limiting warming to 1.5°C would be very beneficial for human health. Though, the magnitude of these benefits remains mostly unquantified. The team used computer models to predict the impacts of warming under different climate scenarios. While conducting research, Dr Felipe and his team, found that restricting global warming to 2°C would minimize cases of dengue up to 2.8 million cases per year by the end of the century as compared to 3.7°C scenario. According to the research, 3.7 degree Celsius scenario would lead to an increase of up to 7.5 million additional cases per year by the middle of this century. Restricting to 1.5°C would help in an additional drop to half a million per year.
Dengue fever is a caused by virus which is spread by mosquitoes. Some of the symptoms involve fever, headache, muscle and joint pain. Every year, it infects around 390 million people across the globe. The mosquitoes that transmit the virus thrive in warm and humid conditions. It is a lethal disease and there is no specific treatment or vaccine.