Pollution has become so common nowadays that our ears are accustomed to hearing this term often. Air pollution is one form of pollution that is referred to the contamination of the air, irrespective of the outdoors or indoors. Any kind of physical, biological or chemical alteration in the air of the environment can be termed as air pollution.
Air pollution can further be divided into visible and invisible air pollution. This type of pollution makes it’s difficult for all living beings to survive as the air quality becomes dirty and contaminated. This can act as a hindrance to the potential of atmosphere or the health and well-being of the living beings to survive in such atmosphere. Living beings can only sustain and survive if there is a proper balance between the combinations of gases present in the atmosphere. Any increase or decrease in the percentage of these gases can be hazardous to the living beings sustainability.
Now, let’s quickly know the effects of air pollution:
Smog and Soot: “Smog” or it can also be called as “ground-level ozone”, is one of the most prevalent types of air pollution. Smog generally occurs when emissions from combusting fossil fuels react with sunlight. Then comes “soot” or “particulate matter”, which is made up of tiny particles of soil, smoke, chemicals, dust, allergen, that are carried in the air in the form of gas and solids. The sources of soot and smog are similar and come from trucks & cars, factories, power plants, engines and anything else those combust fossil fuels such as coal, oil & gas. This can penetrate in lungs and worsen bronchitis that can lead to heart attacks and even hasten death. Smog can cause irritation to eyes and throat and can also damage the lungs.
Global Warming: Another one of the most hazardous consequences of air pollution is an increased level of global warming. With an increased level, there is a constant increase in climatic temperature worldwide, resulting in melting of icebergs, glaciers, loss of habitat and wildlife extinction. There is an immediate need for an action to preserve the atmosphere and normalize the loss caused.
Acid Rain: During the time of burning fossil fuels, harmful gases like sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides are released in the atmosphere. When it rains, the water drops get combined with these harmful gases and air pollutants by becoming acidic and then it falls on the ground as acid rain. It can cause great damage to all living beings.
Steps to Reduce Air Pollution:
- Make right choice of transportation. Try to walk, ride a cycle, or take a public transport wherever possible.
- Opt for solar energy, this is the cleanest source of energy available and is renewable also.
- Try to burn fewer fossil fuels and gasoline to reduce the quantity of the harmful substance in the air.
- Choose an electric car over fuel cars.
- Make yourself a responsible being who contributes to the well-being of the environment.