The burning of the fossil fuels results in the emission of greenhouse gases like Carbon dioxide, Methane, CFCs, HCFCs, etc. These gases have the ability to trap the sun’s radiation which would have been reflected back otherwise. This trapping of the greenhouse gases causing global warming. With this, the planet’s atmosphere is heating which is further responsible for several effects which are adversely affecting the ecological balance, thus biodiversity. Some of the visible impacts of global warming include warming of oceans, melting of glaciers, suffocating oceans, extreme weather conditions, etc. All these effects are further disturbing the natural habitat of millions are species, shoving hundreds on the verge of extinction.
It has been proven scientifically that most plants and animals live in very specific climate conditions. Their growth and reproduction depend on factors like temperature and rainfall patterns. Even small change of temperature or in their surrounding climate affects the plants and animals greatly, further disturbing their entire ecosystem. Research has discovered that some of the species are responding to a warmer climate by moving to cooler locations. Due to global warming, the natural habitat of the wildlife is disrupting. As the climate change is taking place at much faster pace, some of the species are finding it tough to adapt the changes and they are thus moving to places which supports their survival. Climate change is reducing animals’ ability to fulfill the species’ needs.
One of the most visible impacts of global warming is the melting of the glaciers. Due to increase in the temperatures, the ice caps are melting. Due to this, the polar bears are suffering the most. The bears are finding it difficult to seals as there is less Arctic sea ice. Their restricted access to food sources is threatening their habitat and overall survival.
Global warming is also adversely impacting green turtles. These creatures are very sensitive to changes in temperatures. The gender of turtle depends on the sand where the eggs are laid. As the temperatures are going up, the natural habitat of turtles is also getting warmer. These conditions are favorable to produce female turtles. This eventually threatens the turtles’ genetic diversity and survival.
The warming of oceans is offering an adverse impact on marine life. Due to warming of water coral bleaching (a type of damage to corals) is taking place. Coral reefs are considered as the main food source for many sea creatures. The warming water along with acidity due to carbon dioxide result in coral bleaching. It is estimated that by 2050, live corals could become rare and it will disrupt the food web that connects all the living things in the ocean. Apart from this, the oceans are also suffocating. As the solubility of oxygen in warm water is less, certain regions in oceans are getting devoid of oxygen, causing the migration of sea animals. Due to lack of oxygen in the water, behavior and growth of fish and other ocean organisms is affecting. They are becoming more susceptible to disease, or make it more difficult to reproduce.