Though some are still believing that Global Warming is merely a myth but the collected scientific facts are clearly indicating that the Mother Earth is witnessing a serious problem in the form of global warming. Some of the evidence which is supporting this include the melting of the ice-caps, warming of the oceans, acidic nature of oceans, acid rain, extreme weather conditions and suffocation water bodies. The global warming is disturbing the ecological balance of the planet, thus adversely affecting its biodiversity.
The recently published research is clearing suggesting that global warming is no more a joke. The research indicates that Global Warming is killing the Great Barrier Reef. According to a study published in one of the leading journals, Marine heat waves caused as a result of global warming are killing off the corals of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef which is, in fact, the world’s largest reef system. Terry Hughes, one of the authors, claimed that there has been a loss of 30 percent of the corals in the nine-month period between March and November 2016.
The research clearly indicating that The Great Barrier Reef had experienced marine heatwave way back in 2016 which caused massive coral bleaching and die-off. The most affected region was along 500 miles of the northern Great Barrier Reef. Another author Mark Eakin said that half of the corals on the Great Barrier Reef were killed by climate change in just two years. The study further suggests that climate change is a threat to the diversity that is the hallmark of coral reefs. While conducting the study, the researchers found that the coral reefs which were least affected by heat stress in the past are more sensitive to heat stress than they realized.
Coral reefs are considered as diverse ecosystems on earth which consist of sponges, crustaceans, mollusks, fish, sea turtles, sharks, dolphins and much more. Being a complete ecosystem, each component of a coral reef is dependent upon and interconnected with plants, animals, and organisms. In case, there is a fluctuation in the abundance of one species, it would drastically alter both the diversity and abundances of others. Thus, it would disturb the whole ecosystem.
The increase in marine heat waves is a result of increasing carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere due to human activities. The heat-trapping gases or greenhouse gases have the tendency to trap the sun’s radiation which would reflect back otherwise. The main causes of these gases include human activities like the burning of fossil fuels in the vehicles, factories, etc. The global warming has reached such level that it can’t be ignored. Time has come that global community should shrug off their differences and start working on this problem on a global level. Some of the possible solutions include the use of renewable energy sources, electric cars, eco-friendly products, etc. But as a responsible citizen, you should start spreading awareness about this problem. By educating people about the graveness of this problem, we can easily make this planet, a better place to live.