Mother Earth is seriously dealing with the problem related to global warming. This is certainly the burning issue owing to the fact that every single creature on this planet is facing problems related to this. It is a well-known fact that global warming is endangering the biodiversity of this beautiful planet. It is an un-denying fact that since the commencement of industrial revolution, the world is witnessing sharp rise in the temperatures. The burning of the fossil fuels for running up of machines, vehicles, etc is considered as the main contributor for this problem. The emission of greenhouse gases like carbon, sulphur, nitrogen, etc are causing several devastating effects like climate change, warming of oceans, acidification, etc.
A newly published report in the journal Science Advances has claimed that due to burning of fossil fuels and increasing carbon dioxide, rice will lose some of its protein and vitamin content. The report further suggests that it will put millions of people at risk of malnutrition. “Rice is considered as a major portion of diet in Southeast Asia and this change would surely effect the people living there”, warns the scientists. The professor at the University of Washington and co-author of this report “Adam Drewnowski” said that global warming, climate change and greenhouse gases such as carbon can have an impact on the nutrient content of plants. In the report, it is further claimed that rice consuming countries will witness the devastating effects as most of the nutrients come from rice. The scientists said that deficiencies of protein and vitamin can lead to growth-stunting, birth defects, diarrhoea, infections and early death.
The report further highlighted that countries like Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia will be at most risk as rice consumers are maximum there and countries also have the lowest gross domestic product (GDP). The researchers have conducted the study using field studies in Japan and China. They have further simulated the amount of CO2 expected in the atmosphere by the second half of this century around 568 to 590 PPM.
The scientists have conducted the experiment by planting 18 different strains of rice in open fields which was surrounded by 56-foot wide octagons of plastic piping that released extra CO2. According to co-author co-author Kazuhiko Kobayashi the technique helps them to test the effects of higher carbon dioxide concentrations on plants growing which would be the scenario some decades later. They found that iron, zinc, protein, and vitamins B1, B2, B5, and B9 – a useful component that help in converting food to energy, all reduced in the rice grown under higher CO2 conditions. Further, the researchers also found that there were also decrease in Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B5, and Vitamin B9.