With the ever-increasing overexploitation of natural resources by human actions, the United Nations is concerned with the availability of the resources in the future.
According to the latest reports, it is being suspected that if conservation doesn’t happen now, it won’t be too far when the earth will become devoid of the non- renewable resources.
The result of this over-exploitation will lead to an overall extinction of biodiversity. Not only the non- renewable resources are facing threats but also the renewable resources like fresh water reserves, global forest covers, etc.
When this matter came under the radar of global watchdogs, the idea of conserving the remaining reserves of natural resources was put forth.
Intellects, diplomats, UN bureaucrats and other high-level politicians have started to incorporate different policy measures and strategies into their government for preserving natural resources and curbing over-exploitation.
Policies like sustainable development, the club of Rome and many others were adapted to cope up with the global challenges.
Why conservation is necessary?
Conservation of natural resources is not just an initiative for preserving the resources. It is indeed a step towards allowing the nature of self- renewal. However, it’s necessity is just not confined to a single arena, rather the need for conservation is defined on a much broader spectrum.
1. Conservation of natural resources will allow the strategic implementation of the sustained use of both renewable and non- renewable resources.
2. Policies of conservation and measurements will allow the future generations to enjoy the natural resources
3. The proper balance of the resources will ensure the continuity of the biodiversities, both flora, and fauna.
4. No condition will arise in future where scarcity of food, water, fuel or shelter comes forth.
5. Conservative measures will help the world to face geographical challenges like global warming, climate shift, wind and pressure belt shift, absurdity in the behaviour of ocean currents, etc.
Measures taken by different nations for Conservation Of Natural Resources
1. RESTORATION OF EVERGLADES
Everglades, the vast reserve of tropical wetlands in the Southern part of Florida has been subjected to overexploitation and degradation since the 20th century. However, US government has taken an initiative to restore the Everglades and re-establish the water system. This is one of the most expensive projects undertaken till now.
2. SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM
A joint venture with the US Department of Agriculture, SWPP vouches for the protection of surface and groundwater, a major source of fresh water, from pollution. They teach the rural people the importance of clean drinking water and make them conserve the fresh water.
3. INDIAN RHINO VISION 2020
The mighty Indian one-horned Rhinoceros has been declining in number over the last few decades. However, this time, the Assam Government along with the WWF, IRF and any other conservational organizations has initiated the plan of having at least 3000 wild one-horned rhinoceros, spread over seven protected areas.
4. RESTORATION OF THE PATOKA FOREST
Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge (PRNWR) has taken the initiative to restore the deforested area around the Patoka River, one of the dense forest reserves in the US that houses more than 100 types of species. The organization has done reforestation in the area by planting more than 500,000 trees around the river area. They are also planning to plant a minimum of 16000 trees of 17 different species.