Global Warming continues to influence the earth’s ecosystem with 2017 now ranks as one of the top three hottest years on record. The report released by NASA and NOAA (National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration) has revealed that 2017 was the second warmest year on record. The report has further revealed that there has been rise of 1.62 degrees Fahrenheit (0.90 degrees Celsius) in the temperatures across land and sea surfaces as compared to the average temperatures recorded in1951 to 1980. NOAA researchers assess 2017 as the third warmest year with temperature recorded as 1.51 degrees F (0.84 degrees C) above average.
The NOAA report suggests that Snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere was also below average by about 160,000 square miles (414,398 kilometers). The report also highlights that the Arctic is warming faster than the rest of the planet. 2017 witnessed the record declines in the sea ice. The report also suggests that Antarctica’s sea-ice cover was also reduced, measuring about 154,000 square miles (398,858 kilometers) smaller than it was in 1986, the previous record-holding year.
These reports are clearly indicating that “Global Warming” is extensively disturbing the ecological balance of earth’s system. Let me discuss what exactly Global Warming is. The term Global Warming is used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere. It also includes the increase in the temperature of the oceans which in turn is adversely affecting the marine life. Human activities have significantly enhanced the greenhouse effect since the commencement of Industrial Revolution, causing an average temperature rise of the planet. The available scientific data reveals that the average temperature of the Earth has risen between 0.4 and 0.8 °C over the past 100 years.
The commencement of Industrial Revolution has marked the steep rise in the burning of the fossil fuels. Apart from this land clearing, agriculture, construction, transportation and other human activities have contributed significantly towards greenhouse emission. Owing to the greenhouse effect there is the gradual rise in the temperature of the planet. The ongoing research predicts that the average global temperatures could increase between 1.4 and 5.8 °C by the year 2100. The changes related to the earth eco-system may include rising sea levels due to the melting of the polar ice caps, as well as an increase in occurrence and severity of storms and other severe weather events.
As responsible children of Mother Earth, we should start combating this global problem. We should start using Fluorescent Light Bulbs in our homes and offices as these fluorescent bulbs consume only 25% energy comparable incandescent bulbs. Thus, less energy will, in turn, produce less heat. We should sensibly use Electric Appliances and switch these off when these are not in use. Starting using electric cars is a very good notion as the burning of fossil fuel is the main cause of emission of CO & CO2. Last but not least is planting more and more trees. Since trees absorb carbon dioxide, so these will help in reducing the carbon dioxide in your surroundings.